A security camera is a device that captures video footage of an area for the purpose of monitoring, security, and safety. There are several types of security cameras on the market today that can be divided on the basis of power, connectivity, recording, location, and design.
Different types of security cameras by power
Which one is better: a wired or wireless security camera? Which type shall I buy? This is an essential question everyone thinks about before buying a security camera.
1. Wired security camera:
Wired security cameras are also called AC-powered security cameras. These wired or AC (alternating current) powered security cameras are connected to a power outlet and receive power from there. They are typically more reliable than other types of cameras because they do not rely on batteries that can die or be emptied. However, they may be more difficult to install because they require a power outlet. But, once installed, they are a better solution for nonstop surveillance and permanent security.
2. Wireless security camera:
Wireless security cameras are also referred to as DC-powered security cameras. These wireless or DC (direct current) powered security cameras are connected to a power source, typically an interchangeable battery, and receive power from there. They are typically less reliable than AC-powered cameras because batteries can die or be emptied. However, they may be easier to install because they do not require a power outlet. Moreover, since they do not require wiring they are more portable between locations.
3. Multi-powered security camera:
These security cameras not only offer in-build or rechargeable battery but also allows wired connectivity. In other words, multi-powered security cameras support usage while charging. Which allows them to be used both wired or wireless. Some may even support solar panels for solar charging. However, they are for sure going to cost you more money.
4. Solar-powered hybrid security camera:
Another type of wireless security camera is solar-powered. Solar-powered security cameras are powered by the sun and receive power from there. They are typically more reliable than other types of cameras because they come with solar panels that keep on generating power during the day. These cameras generally use batteries to store that power, which means a few cloudy days aren’t going to cut the feed. However, they may be more difficult to install because they require a sunny location.
Different types of security cameras by connectivity
Most people in the US or around the world have an internet connection. However, still, if you don’t have it, you need not worry about your security. Because there a type of security cameras that need internet, and there is another that doesn’t.
1. IP cameras:
IP (Internet Protocol) cameras are also called Wi-Fi-enabled security cameras or smart security cameras. These are the newest type of security cameras, and they offer a number of advantages over analog cameras. They require an internet connection via WiFi. And are accessible from anywhere in the world from mobile devices like cell phones, tablets, or laptops with internet connections. They are more versatile and can be used in a wider range of locations both indoors and outdoors. However, they may be more expensive than other types of cameras.
2. Analog camera:
These are traditional security cameras and are also referred to as CCTV cameras. These cameras are not Wi-Fi enabled and do not require any internet connection. However, they need to be connected to a DVR, or VCR via cable. Analog cameras are the most common type of security camera, and they are typically less expensive than IP cameras. However, they may not offer as many features as IP cameras, and they may not be able to be used in as many locations.
Different types of security cameras by recording
Security cameras record footage to DVR or NVR, or Cloud NVR, each one comes with its own advantages and disadvantages. However, it allows the security cameras to be divided into three different types on the basis of their recording technology: DVR security cameras, NVR security cameras, and Cloud-based security cameras.
1. DVR security cameras:
Digital video recorder (DVR) security cameras are traditional analog security cameras or CCTV cameras that use DVR (Digital video recorder) to process the analog signal and convert it into a digital signal and then it in the hard drive. These analog cameras are connected to the DVR via coaxial cable. Its advantage is that DVR security cameras can store large amounts of footage. However, one downside is, that they don’t support WiFi and are not remotely accessible.
2. NVR security cameras:
NVR (Network Video Recorder) cameras use IP cameras, which are also called digital cameras. These smart cameras record footage on a network recorder (NVR) over a local IP network after processing it in the camera. They can be either wired or wireless by connecting to a recorder via WiFi or an Ethernet cable (PoE). Their advantage is that they can be accessed remotely via an app. However, the downside is, that NVRs are typically more expensive than DVRs and are susceptible to footage loss in case of hacks and damages to the local IP network.
3. Cloud-based security cameras:
This type of security camera stores the footage on cloud NVR based on a remote server over the internet. They can be either wired or wireless and are connected to the internet via WiFi or an Ethernet cable. The advantage of this type of security camera is that since they store footage on the internet, it can be accessed from anywhere in the world and it doesn’t get lost with the camera in case of damage or theft. However, the downside to it is that it is prone to hacks and moreover, it is an expensive option since requires a paid subscription.
Different types of security cameras by location
Most people when looking for a security camera search them by keeping in mind the location they are going to install them. In other words, they decide the type by the location they want to monitor.
1. Indoor security camera:
Indoor security cameras are designed for use inside buildings, such as homes, offices, warehouses, and shopping malls. They are typically small and compact so that they can be placed in a variety of locations. Indoor cameras may be either wired or wireless. Examples of these are nanny cams and pet cams. They typically offer better quality images and video than outdoor cameras. However, indoor cameras may not be able to be used in all locations, since they are not weather resistant.
2. Outdoor security camera:
Outdoor security cameras are designed for use outside of a building, and they typically offer better resistance to weather and vandalism. These cameras may be either wired or wireless. However, finding an appropriate location for outdoor security cameras is usually harder than indoor security cameras, and they are usually more difficult to install than indoor security cameras. Examples are floodlight cameras and trail cameras.
3. Digital Door Security camera:
These cameras function on the borderline of indoor and outdoor security cameras. They can be installed on the doors of your homes and offices whether they are indoors or outdoors. Examples are peephole cameras and doorbell cameras.
4. Mobile security camera:
Mobile security cameras are designed to provide you with security when you are on the go. These include spy cameras and in-car cameras. Examples are motorcycle dash cams, dash cam for cars, keychain cameras, and helmet cameras. They typically offer poor-quality images and video, but they may be able to be used in more locations.
5. Hidden security camera:
A hidden camera is a small, covert camera that can be placed in a variety of locations to provide a view of the area. Hidden cameras come with many advantages and disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is that they typically offer poorer quality images and video than other types of security cameras. However, one of the many advantages is that hidden cameras can be used in more locations including indoors and outdoors, or both. In fact, it can be used in places where a contemporary security camera can’t help you, such as for spying purposes. Hidden cameras come in different types and different shapes. Examples include lightbulb cameras, clock cameras, and button cameras.
Different types of security cameras by design
Finally, some people look for security cameras by the type of shape and design they have. This allows them to install and blend them better in their indoor and outdoor setup.
1. Bullet cameras:
These are long and cylindrical shape cameras that can be easily mounted on a wall or ceiling. They typically have wide-angle lenses and offer good image quality. They can be highly visible and easily noticeable since they are intended to deter thieves and vandals.
2. Dome cameras:
These are round, dome-shaped cameras that can be mounted on a ceiling. They offer a wide field of view and can be tamper-resistant. However, they may be more expensive than other types of cameras.
3. Box cameras:
This is a type of security camera that is enclosed in a box. Box cameras typically offer a wide field of view and can be used in a variety of locations, including shelves and tables. However, they may be more expensive than other types of cameras.
4. PTZ cameras:
Pan, tilt, and zoom cameras are specialized security cameras that can be controlled remotely to pan, tilt or zoom in on a specific area. They offer a high level of surveillance and can be very useful in large homes or businesses. However, they may be more expensive than other types of cameras.
5. Turret or eyeball cameras:
A turret or eyeball camera is a small, round camera that can be easily mounted on a wall or ceiling. The good thing about turret or eyeball cameras is that their lens can be moved around and adjusted to angles that require the most coverage. However, they can be noticeable and may not blend in well with your home’s decor.
6. Covert cameras:
These are hidden cameras and can be disguised as everyday objects such as smoke detectors or clocks. They are difficult to detect and can offer a high level of surveillance. However, they may be illegal in some areas.
Even though there are some disadvantages of security cameras along with the numerous advantages they offer, security cameras are one of the most important investments you can make in protecting your home and business. There are many important uses and applications of security cameras in today’s smart world.
When buying a security camera, there are a variety of different types of security cameras available on the market, that you can choose from. However, you need to know your security needs before deciding on the type of security camera and the features that security cameras offer. Once decided, make sure you choose the best security camera option for your specific situation.